SSC CGL Geography Syllabus

The Geography syllabus for the SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission – Combined Graduate Level) exam falls under the General Awareness section, which is tested in Tier I of the examination. This section assesses a candidate’s knowledge of various topics, including Geography. While Geography is not explicitly separated in the syllabus, it is a significant part of the General Awareness section.

SSC CGL Geography Syllabus

Key Topics:

  1. Physical Geography:
    • Earth’s Structure: Composition, layers, and properties.
    • Landforms: Mountains, plateaus, plains, valleys, and types of rocks (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic).
    • Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Causes, effects, and major locations.
    • Atmosphere: Composition, layers, weather, and climate.
    • Hydrosphere: Oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, and water cycle.
    • Biosphere: Ecosystems, biomes, and biodiversity.
  2. Indian Geography:
    • Physiographic Divisions: The Northern Mountains (Himalayas), Northern Plains, Peninsular Plateau, Coastal Plains, and Islands.
    • Climate: Monsoon, seasons, climatic regions.
    • Rivers and Drainage Systems: Major rivers and their tributaries, river basins, and watershed management.
    • Soil Types: Classification, distribution, and conservation.
    • Natural Vegetation: Types, distribution, and conservation of forests.
    • Agriculture: Major crops, cropping patterns, irrigation, and green revolution.
    • Minerals and Resources: Distribution of minerals and energy resources (coal, petroleum, natural gas).
  3. World Geography:
    • Continents and Oceans: Major geographical features.
    • Countries and Capitals: Important cities and geographical locations.
    • Climate Zones: Polar, temperate, tropical, and their characteristics.
    • Natural Disasters: Earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and their global distribution.
  4. Environmental Geography:
    • Conservation: Efforts for conservation of natural resources and wildlife.
    • Environmental Issues: Pollution, global warming, climate change, and sustainable development.

Recommended Books for Geography Preparation:

  1. “Certificate Physical and Human Geography” by G.C. Leong – Comprehensive coverage of physical geography concepts.
  2. “Indian and World Geography” by Majid Husain – Detailed explanation of Indian and world geography topics.
  3. “Geography of India” by Majid Husain – Focused on Indian geography with extensive coverage of physiographic and socio-economic aspects.
  4. “General Knowledge 2024” by Manohar Pandey (Arihant) – Includes sections on geography along with other general awareness topics.
  5. “Lucent’s General Knowledge” – A concise and comprehensive guide for all general awareness topics, including geography.

Additional Resources:

  • NCERT Books: Class 6 to 12 geography textbooks provide a solid foundation in both physical and human geography.
  • Current Affairs Magazines: Publications like “Pratiyogita Darpan” and “Manorama Yearbook” cover recent developments and geographical issues.
  • Online Resources: Websites like Gradeup, Testbook, and SSC-specific portals offer practice quizzes and detailed notes on geography topics.

Preparation Tips:

  1. Understand the Basics: Start with NCERT textbooks to build a strong foundation in geography.
  2. Regular Revision: Consistently revise important topics to retain information.
  3. Practice Previous Year Papers: Solving past papers helps understand the pattern and frequently asked questions.
  4. Stay Updated: Keep abreast of current geographical issues and developments globally and in India.
  5. Use Maps: Refer to maps regularly to get a clear understanding of locations, physical features, and climatic zones.

By focusing on these key areas and utilizing the recommended resources, candidates can effectively prepare for the Geography portion of the SSC CGL General Awareness section.

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