UPSC History Syllabus

India is a country with a rich and diverse history, comprising of different cultures, traditions and civilizations that have existed on its soil for millennia. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) history syllabus aims to provide an insightful understanding of India’s past, specifically focusing on the country’s political, social and economic developments over the years.

The UPSC history syllabus is divided into three parts – ancient, medieval, and modern. Each of these sections offers a thorough and comprehensive understanding of the significant events, processes and personalities that have shaped India’s history.

Ancient India

The ancient India section of UPSC history syllabus covers the period ranging from the prehistoric era to the end of Gupta Empire and the emergence of Islam. This period saw the rise and fall of various dynasties, the growth of religions like Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism and the development of diverse art forms and literature.

The Indus Valley Civilization, along with the Vedic age, are the critical highlights of this section. The Gupta dynasty and the Mauryan empire are other significant events of this period.

Medieval India

The medieval section of the UPSC history syllabus deals with India’s history between the 8th and the 18th century. This period was marked by the arrival of Muslim rulers and the beginning of the Islamic era in India.

The Sultanate period that followed the arrival of Muslim rulers lasted for almost three centuries and saw the rise of prominent dynasties like the Slave Dynasty, Khilji Dynasty, Tughlaq Dynasty, etc. The Mughal era under the leadership of emperor Akbar is one of the most remarkable periods of this section.

The medieval period also saw several cultural and social developments, including the emergence of Bhakti and Sufi movements and the growth of various art forms.

Modern India

The modern section of the UPSC history syllabus takes off from the start of the British rule in India and covers the colonial era, Indian freedom struggle, and India’s post-independence era.

The colonial period is one of the most significant landmarks in modern Indian history. The British empire ruled India for almost about two centuries and left a profound impact on the country’s political, social and economic landscape.

The Indian Freedom Struggle is one of the most glorious chapters in India’s history, and several personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, and Subhash Chandra Bose played a pivotal role in the movement.

Post-independence India marks a new chapter in India’s history, where India implemented various policies, including Green Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and liberalization that transformed the country from an agrarian to a leading industrialized nation.

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