UPSC Tamil Optional Syllabus: Exam Pattern and Analysis

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts a variety of exams for recruitment to various civil service posts in India. One of the optional subjects offered in the UPSC exam is Tamil. Tamil is one of the official languages of India and is widely spoken in the southern states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and parts of Sri Lanka.

If you are considering taking up Tamil as an optional subject in the UPSC exam, it is important to understand the syllabus, exam pattern, and analysis. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of each of these aspects.

UPSC Tamil Optional Syllabus:

The Tamil syllabus for the UPSC exam includes two papers. Paper I is comprised of literature and language, while Paper II focuses on the social, cultural and political aspects of Tamil society.

Paper I:

• Tamil Language – This section covers the basics of Tamil grammar and literature including history, prose, poetry, drama and ancient literature. Candidates must also be familiar with the Tamil script.

• Tamil Literature – The Tamil literature section covers the development of Tamil poetry and prose from ancient times. Candidates should be familiar with works such as Thirukkural, Silappathikaram and Manimekalai.

Paper II:

• History of Tamil – This includes the social, cultural and political history of Tamil Nadu from ancient times to the present day.

• Culture of Tamil Nadu – Candidates are expected to have an understanding of the various art forms, festivals and customs of Tamil Nadu.

• Administration of Tamil Nadu – This section covers the governance system in Tamil Nadu, including the role of the Chief Minister, Governor and various government departments.

UPSC Tamil Optional Exam Pattern:

The Tamil optional subject in the UPSC exam consists of two papers, each of which is three hours long. The papers are of 250 marks each, giving a total of 500 marks for the optional subject.

Analyzing the Tamil Optional Syllabus:

The Tamil syllabus for UPSC examination is considered comparatively easy for students who have followed Tamil through their school years and have studied Tamil literature in-depth. The syllabus emphasises the thorough understanding of Tamil literature, language, history, culture and classic works. The candidates are expected to have a good grip on Tamil speaking, reading, writing and comprehending.

Additionally, the social, cultural and political aspects of Tamil society are also imperative subjects for the students to learn. The syllabus covers these important topics to offer a deep understanding of Tamil Nadu’s political, cultural and regional affairs.

Furthermore, candidates must be well-versed in Tamil grammar and vocabulary. Regular practice of writing essays, precise and comprehensions is essential to score well in this subject.

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